What is Embroidery?
Embroidery is the art of decorating on fabric using needle and thread, sometimes with materials such as beads or shells added to it. The Palestinian embroidery is an important symbol of Palestinian culture, its unique according to its cultural and social meaning
The History of Palestinian Tatreez
The history of the Palestinian tatreez patterns go back to the era of the Canaanites thousands of years ago, and it is part of the culture and heritage of the Palestinian people, tens of years and colors are groups of shapes and colors, in each drawing represents the story of the embroidered dress and the story of who wears it.
Palestinian occasions such as weddings are never complete without seeing women dressed in traditional embroidered dresses. These dresses are considered folk art and are passed by Palestinian women from generation to generation. Each thread tells different tales about each city, village, and identity which has evolved a lot in the past 3000 years dating back to the Canaanite era.
The Meaning of the Palestinian Embroidery
In their particular designs, Palestinian embroidered dresses are thought to portray a certain message or code, regarding the women wearing it. The village, family, and marital status are thought to be obvious by the different patterns on her dress, in addition to her social status, and age.
The messages portrayed by each unique style may be easily understood by some, but unfortunately to most, they are a mystery. Information is hidden between the intertwining threads and different colors.
Those geometric shapes embroidered were passed on to mothers and daughters from their grandmother’s. Embroidery was taught at a very young age. And as soon as they were old enough to learn to thread a needle, they began to narrate their stories, and preserve their identity onto their luxurious masterpieces.
Palestinian women did their best to try and preserve the patterns and styles from their grandmothers before them, to maintain the traditional look of these dresses. In the end, the traditional structure of these designs was maintained, but on various occasions the women would improvise, adding their personal touches, creating a modern twist to these timeless pieces.
The Geographical Locations and the Parts that Palestinian Tatreez Patterns Covers
Some graphics remained restricted to their specific geographical locations; For example, the Ramallah area was known for its use of the palm tree painting. And the Hebron region, with what is called Tent Al Basha; And the area of Jaffa, painted with cypress and a base; And the Gaza area, with a pillow or scissors pattern; As for Beersheba and its region, it was known for its use of the screening drawing. Although such drawings may distinguish one region from another, we also find them in multiple shapes and different combinations spread all over Palestine. Nevertheless, the Palestinian tatreez patterns cover four main parts of a garment:
1- The Giba (the neckline): it is the closest piece to the face.it means in the Palestinian dialect (dress collar).
2- The cape: It is the lower back part of the garment.
3- Al-Baneeqa: It is the aspect of the dress.
4- The sleeve: it is the entrance to and exit of the hand from the garment.Types of Fabric Used in the Embroidery
Traditional embroidery was performed on locally hand-woven linen cloth called "Rumi" or "monastic" or on a fabric that was a mixture of linen and cotton, sometimes called "Qarawi" or on specially woven cotton fabric to make it easy to count the threads and show the stitch clearly.
The threads used in embroidery are of four varieties:
1- Silk thread: The most expensive and heaviest thread. The embroidered dress weighs eight kilograms and is only worn during ceremonies.
2- Cotton thread: It is embroidered on all kinds of clothes, and it is cheap, but some cotton threads fade and some colors fall on the colors of others.
3- The brocade thread: In northern Palestine, they embroider the jacket and shortening, and in the white Dajani dress it is embroidered on the top of the chest and the violin on velvet fabric.
4- Machine thread: Embroidered on Satin fabric only, by machine. This thread is also used to connect the parts of t he garment, and they are embroidered on the seam with a silk thread.
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